On a 2010 trip to Hawaii’s Big Island with my brother (not a coffee drinker) and our 6- and 9-year-old kids (also not coffee drinkers), I managed to make a stop at a Greenwell Farms, a coffee plantation near Kona. That was my first experience seeing coffee cherries on the branch, watching the bean-washing process, and learning that the peaberries – beans that didn’t split – make some of the finer coffees one could drink. It ignited an interest in the processes behind creating my favorite beverage.
In 2014, during a humanitarian aid excursion in Guatemala, the organizers had the good sense to include a coffee plantation tour in our itinerary. After all, we were near Coban, one of Central America’s coffee production centers. At Coffee Tours Chicoj, a walk through the field was educational, a zipline course over the plantation was entertaining, and the frozen coffee popsicle was a divine encounter on a sweltering day.
But it wasn’t until a trip to the Dominican Republic with a nonprofit called Plant With Purpose that I finally understood the value of getting to know the coffee growers who lived in dire poverty and hand-planted coffee on the mountainsides. One elderly farm owner marched up the steep incline of her property to show us the way her coffee plants were nestled among banana trees and avocados and cacao so they could benefit from shade. That was the first I’d learned of shade-grown coffee and the environmental perk it fosters even though it means less profit for the farmer than if she razed the hillside of its trees and crammed together perfect lines of coffee bushes.
The Kona trip, while my first foray, was just a tourist stop on our way around the island to show my daughter turtles, black sand, and volcano activity. But the second two – those changed the way I buy coffee. Being in the highlands of Guatemala with people who have no running water, and seeing their gratitude for the simple acts that would help the basic health of their community – that sticks with me when I’m choosing my coffee. Visiting communities in the Dominican Republic where farmers support one another by creating their own savings and loans programs from their meager earnings so one family can buy a refrigerator and another can send a daughter to school – that makes an impact on where I buy my coffee.
I am privileged. That isn’t lost on me. Which is why it’s that much more important to me to remember the suntanned faces and calloused hands that worked the field for my joe. And it’s why I choose to buy from coffee roasters who source the beans from fair-trade suppliers, and gladly pay more for it.
Next time you’re ordering your mocha or latte, consider asking the baristas where the shop gets its beans. Their answer – whether it’s “from our downtown warehouse” (which I’ve heard before) or from a specific nation in the coffee belt – will be a good indicator of whether the business places a high value on supporting the people who provide our beloved brew.
Remember those dark days early in the pandemic when all our favorite restaurants and shops were open only for pick-up, and our communities rallied to support them by ordering more take-out food than ever before? I recall driving through a deserted downtown Spokane one dismal day, parking on Riverside Ave., and hitting the button on my phone to alert Indaba staff that I was patiently waiting at the curb. A friendly barista delivered my bag of beans and a latte (okay, and one those delicious pop tarts) to my car, and I returned to my home office feeling grateful there was a way to help keep people employed.
Ordering from my phone was a novelty back then. In short time, the logo of the joe coffee app became a familiar site on countertops and doors of a growing number of local shops. Even once pandemic restrictions lifted, our love affair with convenience made the mobile order a more regular part of life as we returned to work.
I was pleased to learn that the entrepreneurs behind the joe app are Washingtonians who want to stick it to the corporate giants like Starbucks. Brothers Nick and Brenden Martin – former baristas from Tri-Cities – founded the company in 2014 in Seattle, where they set about realizing their mission. “We built joe with the belief that people will choose to support local coffee over corporate giants every time – as long as it’s just as convenient,” the company website attests.
I visited with Nick to learn more.
KV: What provided the inspiration for building the joe coffee business? NM: We grew up in a home where a family-owned business put food on the table until we were in high school when a bigger company came into town and ultimately put us out of business. From that moment on, my brother and I had a burning desire to build something that could give small businesses a way to compete against corporate giants. After years as baristas at a local coffee shop, we realized just how special that category is, and, as a largely convenience-driven purchase (80% of all orders at coffee shops are “to-go”), we saw technology as a way to bring independents together and make it even more convenient, no matter where a person is.
KV: What convinced you this would work? NM: By making it easy and convenient to support locally owned small businesses, people don’t have to settle for corporate. In fact, 70% of people who order ahead daily at Starbucks say they’ll switch to support local coffee once they hear about joe; we just need enough shops on the network to provide exceptional experiences in convenient locations.
Joe grew from 200 partner shops in 2019 to more than 1,000 in 2020. Now there are 1,500.
KV: Besides COVID, what has fostered business growth? NM: When the pandemic first hit, we really stepped up to make sure we could provide small shops a lifeline that offered a safe way to serve customers. That is what drove development outside of Seattle. In markets like Spokane, we owe our growth to amazing partners like Bobby Enslow of Indaba who referred us to other coffee shop owners. When we come together, it makes independent coffee more convenient and allows us to invest more in technology to convert corporate coffee customers into independent coffee lovers.
KV: What’s the best compliment a partner company has given joe coffee? NM: Most of our partners got into the business to cultivate community, share their passion, and create great experiences for their customers and baristas. When we hear how well joe is working for them and enabling them to expand or just have a better quality of life as a business owner, that’s the greatest compliment we could ask for. I’m immensely proud that so many of our partners who switch from white label apps or generic web ordering solutions see a 300% growth in their digital orders. We do a lot to make that happen, including investing our own dollars into deals and discounts to bring their customers back more often, automate their loyalty marketing, and bring them new customers.
KV: What’s most rewarding for you personally? NM: To own a coffee shop is to create space where people feel a sense of belonging. So many meaningful moments happen in coffee shops, and there’s something extra special about helping the entrepreneurs who create those spaces thrive.
KV: What do you envision next for joe? NM: Our mission is to give local coffee an advantage over corporate giants. Starbucks is closing down almost 1,000 traditional shops in favor of mobile-only and drive-thru to appeal to hyper-convenience. We are shifting gears from catching up to the corporate giants to getting ahead in 2022, and are on a path to make local coffee more convenient than corporate coffee anywhere in the U.S. by 2025.
KV: Your standard go-to espresso order for a Monday morning? NM: Americano with a splash of cream. And then … another. The average American coffee drinker (65% of us) consumes about three cups of coffee a day on average, so I have no shame in getting 2-3 drinks in me before noon.
KV: How about something special for our readers? NM: Absolutely! Use the code 3OFF for $3 off any drink.
How to Use
Download “Joe Coffee Order Ahead” from the app store.
Create an account and turn on your location.
Add funds to your account so paying is fast with each order.
Choose any shop that shows up in your map.
Place your order, choose a time for pick-up, and drive to your shop of choice.
Once inside, look for the joe coffee pick-up sign on the counter.
Wave and holler “Thanks!” to the barista who’s trying to keep up with customers in line.
Enjoy collecting “beans” to earn free drinks.
Dining in instead?
By all means, pay for your order with the store’s usual point-of-sale system so they receive the full amount for your purchase. Naturally, ordering through joe means the store shares a bit of profit with the app.
Chat with me on Instagram – @wordsncoffee – and send me questions or ideas for a future story.
Belize was incredible – a slow pace, incredible natural wonders, uncrowded beaches, and a lovely mix of culture from Creole, Mayan, Garifuna, and Latin influences.
However, its coffee life left me bewildered.
I’m a big fan of beans that hail from Latin American nations, so, naturally, my December 2021 vacation to Belize had me just as excited about coffee as about beaches and sunshine. On the Yucatan peninsula, Belize borders Mexico, Guatemala, and Honduras – three of the world’s top 10 coffee exporters.
It’s good that some advanced planning alerted me to the limited opportunity I’d have for seeing the source of coffee in Belize. I found only one active coffee plantation (Gallon Jug Estates), and it did not make it onto my final itinerary. Despite this forewarning, nothing could have prepared me for the distinct scarcity of coffee in paradise, especially on the islands.
The coffee pots Americans are accustomed to seeing at every type of hotel accommodation were missing. No free cups in the lobby – even of the cheap, mass-produced variety. At one resort, nestled at the north end of Ambergris Caye, I finally asked the barkeep where I could get a cup and he suggested the restaurant. Imagine my surprise when he informed me that they serve Maxwell House. That would not do. Not on the Yucatan peninsula. Not when I’d just spent a day 8 miles from the Guatemalan border, home of some of the best beans on the planet!
I set off on a golf cart and headed north on a narrow, bumpy dirt pathway to a resort boasting a café called Chat & Chill, which sounded perfect for a sunny morning on a day with no plans. I arrived around 9 a.m. to discover they wouldn’t open until noon. That wouldn’t do either, so I took a 35-minute bumpy cart ride south into San Pedro instead, after begging acquaintances in a Belize tourism group on Facebook to give me the inside scoop. Lavish HabitCafe came highly recommended, and rightfully so.
For the last few days of my trip, I had two lovely coffee options within walking distance of my modest accommodations on Caye Caulker. Ice ‘N’ Beans is locally run, and while the wait is longer than the typical American tourist would expect, the shop’s service and location simply can’t be beat. Given my impression that the island didn’t really wake up and move until midday, I was glad to learn Ice ‘N’ Beans stirred at 6, and told the barista I’d be back when they opened the next day. I arrived at 6:20, and a friendly voice chirped, “Miss Kate! You’re late!” I enjoyed a free shot of their cold brew and a fresh croissant on the beach under palm trees while waiting for my drink.
The other notable shop was Namaste Café, offering quaint seating areas on the first and second floors and an open-air yoga studio upstairs. It’s owned by and popular among ex-patriots making Belize their home. (It features a full menu of hearty, healthy breakfast meals, too.)
Belize is better known for its many varieties of rum, and its decadent chocolate. I made sure to bring home plenty of samples of both, and one lonely bag of coffee from Gallon Jug Estates (purchased at a grocery store). I’ve enjoyed it as a daily reminder of the time I practiced the Caye Caulker’s “Go Slow” island motto to the best of my abilities. (I think I need more practice. “Hello, Expedia? I need a deal!”)
Now, lest I sound only like a spoiled, privileged coffee snob (which I must be), I do believe in finding the coffee source for good reasons: I want to support the small farmers who are laboring hard for their profits, and I want to consume coffee from roasters who’ve established good relationships with those farmers. For stories connected to those endeavors, and experiences in Guatemala and Dominican Republic, subscribe to wordsncoffee.com.
What’s a coffee-loving entrepreneur to do when he or she doesn’t want the responsibility (or the investment) of a fully independent java joint? Pop-up coffee shops are one possibility gaining popularity in many cities, offering flexibility in location and duration while an entrepreneur dabbles in the business.
It was the perfect option for Dorian Karahalios and Aimee Clark, artists who met at Spokane Print and Publishing Center where Aimee works with a variety of paper mediums and Dorian teaches bookbinding and digital publication workshops. They shared a dream of opening a place where coffee and creative minds would come together for connection, fueling java junkies and muses alike, at night.
Their artistic energies in motion, the pair searched for a place where people could hang out to write or sketch. Everything in Spokane (except the bars) closed too early, they thought. And longtime Spokanites they asked recalled places like Mercury and Java Junky’s that haven’t been open for years.
“We’re all old millennials who just want a quiet place to go out to at night that doesn’t serve alcohol,” said Dorian. “We felt like the revival of Spokane’s late-night coffee scene was long overdue and thought we’d take a crack at jump starting it ourselves.”
During the pandemic, Dorian had frequented the Twenty-Seventh Heaven Bakeshop on Grand Blvd – an inconspicuous shop in an angular building that also houses a tattoo parlor and barbershop. When he shared his pop-up musings with Lydia Cowles, the bakery’s owner, she offered her space, which she wasn’t using in the evenings anyway.
“Who was I to turn down the stars aligning like that?” Dorian said.
Now presenting … Lunarium.
Not your standard coffee bar
If a simple cup of quality coffee suits your evening vibe, Lunarium will fit the bill nicely. There are no espresso machines or walls lined with syrups. There are two options: French press with a selection from local Roast House, or a 100% peaberry robusta from Nguyen Coffee, which Dorian selected after hearing a podcast about Vietnamese farmers and myths surrounding robusta, the lesser-known sister to Arabica coffee. You can also order tea by the pot or Chinese tea, both in a variety of flavors, or a craft soda like peach cardamom.
The selection of Roast House came naturally as it was one of the first places Dorian visited when he first moved to Spokane. “It was a nice dose of community that I seriously needed after leaving my hometown for the first time.”
As for the tea, Dorian said, “We’re constantly expanding our selection with things I haven’t seen in Spokane yet.”
Savory treats and delectable morsels – edible and audible
With a baker’s kitchen onsite, Lunarium’s opening menu offers a glimpse at what is sure to be a diverse collection of options representing Dorian’s and Aimee’s own journeys. Aimee spent much of her life exploring the sights, sounds, and tastes of France. Arizona native Dorian celebrates his Greek and Chinese heritages and the culinary delights of Tucson.
“My home cooking has always been focused on savory dishes and baked goods are Aimee’s jam (pun intended),” said Dorian. He says her scones have the perfect texture, and they pair beautifully with freshly whipped cream and homemade jam.
They proudly offer vegan and dairy-free options, including a sweetened condensed coconut cream for the Vietnamese coffees.
A few highlights:
kimchi avocado toast with sweet miso on four-seed bread made by Twenty-Seventh Heaven Bakeshop
grilled cheese with tomato-basil paste
frangipane – an almond-filled pastry served with cream
“Plateaux Gourmands” (French for gourmet platters) includes a pot of coffee or tea and a rotating trio of sweets you’ve not seen at any other local bakery
But simply listing menu items doesn’t do justice to the playful, mysterious literary gifts that accompany them on Lunarium’s Instagram posts. Take, for example, this caption of a star-shaped shortbread cookie:
That was crafted by Dorian, who graduated with Master of Fine Arts in Creative Writing at Eastern Washington University. It’s a sampling of the microfiction vignettes he’s creating around a “parallel-ish universe coffee lounge called The Lunarium, which might be dipping into magical realism or fabulism at some point.”
Aimee and Dorian hope to gather any artists who prefer a late-night setting for a variety of expression, including knitters and stitchers. They want you to find their shop “unique and full of surprises, but still cozy, comfortable, and safe.”
“We want customers to be able to leave their cares at the door and be able to breathe a sigh of relief,” Dorian said.
So grab your journal, sketchpad, or yarn, and head to 1220 S. Grand Blvd, 5 p.m. to midnight, Thursday through Saturday.
Aimee: a good cold brew with a splash of coconut milk, or an Ethiopian coffee for its fruitiness
Dorian: iced Vietnamese coffee, a hemp milk latte or a French press roast with chocolate flavors
Originally published in Spokane-Coeur d’Alene Living, Dec. 2021 By Kate Vanskike
You’ve made your list and checked it twice, and still wondering what to give an aunt, coworker, or neighbor. Grabbing a Starbucks gift card from the grocery check-out line may be more convenient, but you did you that last year, and you want something with a personal touch for the coffee lovers in your life. Here are some ideas:
For the latte-obsessed
A battery-operated frother. Trying to make a little latte art at home is fun, and a small frother will fit nicely in a stocking. $10-15
For the environmentally conscious
Say goodbye to paper cone filters and hello to the reusable stainless steel pour over filter. $10-$12
For the at-home espresso tinkerer
Bialetti Moka Pot. This traditional Italian stove-top espresso maker is easy to use, and produces more quantity than a standard espresso shot machine. $30-40
For the outdoor adventurer
GSI Outdoors is a home-grown Spokane manufacturer of a full line of coffee products for the hiker/backpacker/camper in your life. The Javapress (French press for the outdoors), and the pourover system are both are lightweight and easy to use. GSI products are available at a number of regional outfitters. $25-50
For the coffee smeller
Oxo burr coffee grinder. Opening a bag of coffee and taking deep breaths to inhale the aroma is a sure sign that this person wants freshly ground beans every day. A good grinder is essential. $60 and up
For the mail carrier, dog groomer, babysitter, and teacher
Gift cards are great – especially when they support a local business that’s fueling our community. For your consider one of these regional shops:
Sandpoint/Coeur d’Alene: Evans Bros. Coffee
Cheney: West Plains Coffee Roasters
Spokane Valley & Northside: Ladder Coffee & Toast
Downtown: 1st Avenue Coffee
Kendall Yards: Indaba Coffee
Logan Neighborhood: Arctos Coffee
Want a stocking stuffer instead?
Many local coffee roasters now sell single-serve instant coffee for an easy way to enjoy a favorite blend on the go.
If you’re able to pick up your purchases in person rather than buying online and worrying about shipping delays, you can find all of the above gifts at stores in Spokane and Coeur d’Alene.
May your holiday celebrations bring you joy, and may your coffee cupboard overflow with possibilities.
In short time, Spokane’s coffee scene has grown from a small number of sit-inside coffee shops, to a couple hundred drive-through java joints, and back to the development of more community-based coffee house environments. The newest trend? Mobile coffee services catering to special gatherings.
You’ve likely seen the white Have Beans Will Travel trailer, often at city parks, luring soccer parents at cold Saturday matches, or serving up warmth at a local pumpkin patch. But as more celebrations like weddings and reunions commence after a long pandemic-inspired hiatus, new mobile units are upping the creativity factor for catering coffee.
Two newer-to-Spokane options are The Coffee Cart and Surge Coffee.
Valentina Kozak and Evelina Goyko are sisters from Sacramento who have loved Spokane since moving here in 2007. Both are surgical assistants, but they hope someday to enjoy serving coffee as a fulltime gig.
“We love serving people and we love, love coffee,” said Valentina.
She says the pair attended a couple of weddings that featured mobile espresso bars and since they hadn’t seen such a service in Spokane, decided to create one. One of their earliest set-ups at a small wedding near a tiny chapel-esque facility on Green Bluff matched the venue with niche perfection. But they aren’t limiting themselves to nuptials.
“We love seeing people gather together to celebrate special occasions, whether weddings, birthday parties, baby showers, or other events,” said Evelina.
Another recent addition to the Inland Northwest scene is a bright royal blue vintage van named Genevieve – a ’69 HY Citroën van with a ’99 VW Passat turbo engine and a friendly full menu of espresso drinks.
Genevieve and her owners, Bruce and Keri Munholand, make up Surge Coffee. The Munholands, who are newcomers to Spokane from St. Louis, put action behind their slogan, “Good Coffee Doing Good.”
“It’s our reason for being,” said Keri.
The couple gives a portion of its sales and 100% of tips to charity. They have supported causes such as human trafficking awareness, childhood cancer treatment, disaster relief, youth arts, and refugee support.
That’s how Genevieve got her name: She’s the patron saint of Paris, known for her charity, bravery, and impact.
In its first few months in the Inland Empire, Surge Coffee has been at Spokane Valley Farmers Market, and at various schools. Look for them in Riverfront Park’s north bank on most Fridays through November.
Keri says they chose to serve Indaba Coffee Roasters “because it has a flavorful yet mellow roast with all the nuances of the beans, but more importantly, because they have a similar mission to us – giving to the community.”
Originally published in Spokane Coeur d’Alene Living magazine’s, “For the Love of Coffee” – Oct. 2021
By Kate Vanskike
Ladder Coffee Roasters won my heart as soon as it opened a Spokane Valley location. I’ve lived in valley communities for 16 of my 23 years in the Inland Northwest, and while I understand “the valley” may lack the charm of some other neighborhoods, more businesses and residents would do well to embrace opportunity in the oft-avoided easterly side of our city. (Free and easy parking, anyone?)
But that isn’t what this column is for, so let’s get down to coffee.
Aaron Rivkin opened his first Ladder location downtown on the edge of Browne’s Addition, in a 1904 apartment building begging for new life. Its chic, modern space fits the bill for what Aaron says he wanted to be a “living room” atmosphere. With bright walls, ample windows, and plants draped across shelves, it does possess an inviting vibe. The smell of bread in the bakery across the hall helps to add a feeling of home.
Barely after opening the first shop, a second and unique opportunity arose. As Spokane Federal Credit Union began its rebranding as Canopy, it sought to reach a younger population of banking customers. Inspired by the example of Capital One Cafes, Canopy and Ladder created a mutually beneficial relationship in a shared facility. The East Sprague location in the Valley opened at the unfortunate timing of pandemic restrictions, but eastside residents (at least my husband and I) vowed to keep them going. This fall, Canopy and Ladder opened another location, this time on the Northside.
One might think that the atmosphere of a coffee shop connected to a financial institution could be rather cold or corporate. While the comfy couches and bright colors of the downtown Ladder shop give way to more formal black and white designs in the Canopy business setting, the friendly environment on any given day could include a gathering of moms with young children, or a mild-mannered service animal resting by a student typing away on a laptop. In other words: A pretty standard coffee shop ambiance.
Ladder’s new headquarters and primary roasting and training facility fall somewhere in the middle of those spots, taking over the former Vessel Coffee shop on North Monroe.
As for the coffee itself, Aaron partners with Onyx Coffee, which specifically supports economic development in Guatemala, and Red Fox Coffee Merchants, known for its quality sourcing from throughout the coffee belt in Central and South America and Africa. Aaron says Ladder shops offer two types of roasts – the “approachable” 509 seasonals and the Expo 74 blend, and what he calls the “wild” options for those with more adventurous palates.
Aaron intends for Ladder to keep climbing, expanding beyond Spokane and into the larger markets of Seattle, L.A., and his hometown of Phoenix. The brand is already experiencing wide exposure through nationwide distribution of its canned cold brew – available in original, single origin, and nitro. In Spokane, pick it up at My Fresh Basket.
Let’s Talk Food
Every coffee joint has the standard bakery fare, but at Ladder, you can also indulge in some pretty amazing breakfast options. The classic avocado toast option is a strong contender, but if you want something different, try the waffles, available in sweet or savory selections.
While my heart’s still in the valley, I’d be remiss if I didn’t mention a visit to the Browne’s Addition location may score you extra points with your partner or friends. The bakery across the hall – Rind and Wheat – will have something special to take home. Grab a baguette or focaccia, and ask the turophile (cheese connoisseur) for details on the many European cheeses available.
Great coffee, fresh bread, and amazing cheese in one place? Trifecta.
Downtown/Browne’s Addition – 1516 W. Riverside
Valley – 13105 E. Sprague (with Canopy)
Northside – 1212 W. Francis (with Canopy)
Monroe – 2823 N. Monroe
Suggest a Story
Have a favorite Inland Northwest coffee company or topic you’d like to see in this column? I’m all ears. Drop me a line.
This year, amid the chaos of ever-changing guidelines for business during COVID-19 restrictions, Thomas Hammer Coffee Roasters opened two new locations, bringing the company total to 19. After 28 years as a local independent roaster, its crown jewel, a community coffeehouse, opened on the South Hill.
In bold, black brush strokes on a white wall, lyrics from Kurt Cobain call out: “Come as you are.”
That message was an important distinction for founder Tom Hammer, who wanted to build an actual coffeehouse, harkening to the 1960s metropolitan gathering places that fostered conversation and the exchange of ideas and beliefs. “Especially at this point in our country, we need a place to get together and hear each other,” Tom adds.
He’s always wanted a shop on the South Hill, but the right space was difficult to find. He knew that when he finally got there, he would bring everything he had dreamed. “Like a celebration,” he says.
It would have a variety of good, quality food and a selection of beer and wine. It would have a blend of comfort and elegance. It would offer an elevated coffee experience not available at his other shops. It would be a place where people wanted to stay a while, a place for community.
The Right Place and People
The ideal arrangement came from Washington Trust Bank, which wanted a partnership for property it was developing on Grand Boulevard, and for almost three years, Tom’s team collaborated with others to make it the coffeehouse of his dreams.
For the food inspiration, Tom reached out to Merrilee Lindaman of the longtime favorite South Hill restaurant, Lindaman’s, less than a mile away, for collaboration on his menu. “I wanted to pay homage to them even before we knew they were closing. We were fortunate to have had Merrilee’s touch and her validation.”
He adds, “She’s a passionate, soulful person and if I can carry a portion of that along, I’m doing my job and the community right.”
For the coffee, Tom borrowed from the concept of Starbucks’ Reserve Roastery, calling his line “LTD Reserve coffees,” which he finds a perfect match for the new space.
That space – designed by HGD Architecture – accomplishes what Tom describes as an “elegant Palm Springs” vibe, layering lines and textures with warmth and regality. His favorite elements: the door, a tree bar, and lots of unique pods of seating.
For sure, the door is a statement piece. At 12’ by 6’, the massive wooden entrance sets the tone for customers, says you’ve arrived somewhere special. A live tree grows in the middle of a square-shaped bar with chairs. Customers can choose from cozy spots and small tables, a glass-enclosed coworking space, a counter with an up-close view of the action, or outdoor seating.
Separation & Duplication
The aesthetics are amazing, but the real genius of the design at the Grand Avenue coffeehouse is a completely separate service area for the drive-through.
“Drive-through is just critical today, but I didn’t want people to come through the front door and have the experience clouded by baristas wearing headsets and talking to someone out a window,” says Tom. It was a serious financial additive, as he had to replicate all the equipment and utilities to create that separation, but it was a gamble he was ready to take.
“I like to think that after 35 years, I had one really good concept,” he says. “It’s been a cool project. And there’s a lot more coming down the pike.”
Continuing the Magic
It’s been quite the journey. At age 18, Tom was slinging joe at Nordstrom’s coffee bar, then working at Four Seasons, and driving around with bags of coffee in his car, trying to get businesses to buy wholesale. While an M.B.A. student at Gonzaga, the dean of the business school, Bud Barnes, took interest in his projects. Today, Bud is still a strategic partner, who Tom calls the ultimate mentor in professionalism, business ethnics, being community minded, and having a work-life balance.
“Three decades of tutelage from someone like that is pretty special,” says Tom. “He’s always concerned about the quality of business, not quantity, and that’s led to where we are today. We have more than a dozen crew members who’ve been here more than 12 years because there’s a culture that people like.”
As Tom thinks about the next steps in his business, it’s actually more of the same. “We’re a customer service company that roasts coffee,” he says, clarifying that he tends to avoid the latest trends that highlight the precision technical processes.
“Coffee has traveled so far and been touched by so many people,” says Tom, “including the barista who was up til 2 a.m. studying before coming in to work. So a little artistic expression needs to be expected, with a smile.”
He adds, “At the end of the day, it’s just a cup of joe. That’s the beauty. Just enjoy the drink, and the connection with others.”
Blend: “I love the LTDs (limited releases) because they’re simply different. But I also love the Signature blend because it’s been with me since 1987. It works for espresso and it’s balanced in drip and pour-over. It’s like a Swiss army knife. I’m proud of it and it’s value priced.
Drink: “When I’m not having a cup of black drip, I’m having a double espresso with a micro dot of chocolate, topped with some milk, so small you almost can’t see it. And always an 8-oz. It’s the exact right recipe for the 2 shots of espresso and some milk.
Thomas Hammer Locations
Spokane: South Hill, Downtown, North, Valley, Fairchild
Idaho: Post Falls, Coeur d’Alene, Hayden
Malls: Northtown and Spokane Valley
Medical Centers: Sacred Heart, Deaconess, Rockwood, Providence (Valley)
The hubs and I have a knack for experiencing much in a short bit of time. Here’s our scoop on a quick overnight getaway to Moscow, Idaho: heart of Palouse farm country, home of University of Idaho, haven for quiet evenings.
First things first: Where to stay.
Jeff is becoming a bit of an Air B&B master. He selected Paradise View Bed & Breakfast – a lovely home in the country, with a peaceful view, friendly hosts, even friendlier dogs, and perfectly private accommodations. Our suite had its own separate entrance with great views from the inside and outside alike.
Second: Where to go for dinner.
The maître D and hosts at Lodgepole know my husband by name and seat him in his favorite spot along the brick wall. But Lodgepole has done an amazing job creating beautiful outdoor spaces as well. And it doesn’t matter where you eat your meal, because the menu is phenomenal. We had the braised beef rigatoni with Cougar Gold cheese and the linguini with clams for the main course, following a tasty, fresh seeded bread with whipped honey butter. For dessert, a triple layer ice cream cake with a swipe of thick fudge and sea salt on the side. The Moscato from Willamette Valley and the espresso from Evans Brothers Coffee (Sandpoint) finished off desert with perfection.
Stuff to do.
Besides sitting on the patio, reading and visiting with the dogs, and watching the endless activity of birds and hummers, we found plenty to do on a summer Saturday. First up, a visit to the NRS headquarters – a must for anyone who loves to paddle the lakes and rivers of the Pacific Northwest. They have an amazing in-store selection of dry bags and boxes like you’ll never see in another recreational outfitter.
Saturdays in Moscow are market days, with the main strip closed off for foot traffic only – the street lined with white tents and vendors selling a wide variety of wares from food and drink to home décor and clothing. If you’re still needing a second (or third) cup of joe to keep you going, Bucer’s Pub is always a good option for a local brew. But on this day, we opted for Panhandle Cone and Coffee, because … ice cream and coffee in one shop?! Yes please! I had an affogato (espresso poured over ice cream) with salted caramel ice cream and the Evans Brothers’ house blend.
Returning to Spokane.
The Palouse Scenic Byway is a treat to drive, dotted with small farming towns amid the fields of wheat, lentils and garbanzo beans. There’s plenty of history in the area – part of which serves as the reservation for the Coeur d’Alene Tribe of Indians. We opted for a solemn stop at Desmet, Idaho, named after Father Pierre DeSmet, a Jesuit who established a number of missions among the indigenous peoples of the Northwest in the 1800s. But another, longer option, is to drive the vista road of Mary Minerva McCroskey State Park.
A few blocks north of Gonzaga University on Hamilton Avenue sits a small coffee shop with two garage doors indicative of a previous automotive life. Permanently parked in front is a classic 60’s VW Beetle, black, with the Arctos Coffee logo (a bear in the woods) painted on the door. Given its proximity to the college campus, Arctos is a hot spot for students, furiously studying or simply hanging out.
But there’s another kind of customer who’s usually first in line any day of the week: a septuagenarian named Kent Ross, who orders a mocha every time. Several times a week, friends meet him for conversation; other days, he passes the time in a bit of small talk with students and other regular customers.
“I like getting to know the owners, and Jason here is a good guy,” Kent said.
Having worked for and then owned his father’s trucking business, Kent knows the value and challenges of a small business in Spokane, where he’s lived his whole life. Once an adventure runner who trekked the mountains of the Northwest and completed 500 miles of the Pacific Crest Trail, life following a major stroke isn’t as active as he might like. He traveled to Europe, enjoyed hearing authors at Auntie’s Books, and volunteered for the food bank. But things are slower now and showing up at Arctos when the doors open is what keeps him going.
“When they had to change things during the pandemic restrictions, I asked if they could open at 6:30 instead of 7:00, and they did,” Kent said. “That’s why I feel like I should be here every morning.”
Owner Jason Everman created Arctos in 2018, with the help of his dad, Jim. His business focus would be on a small selection of beans for a standard blend that can be roasted to consistent perfection. The Arctos staple comes from two South American beans roasted separately then blended. He also has made white coffee a standard, which offers an extra boost of caffeine with a unique flavor.
“White coffee is a very beautiful alternative to your traditional espresso-based drinks. It tastes completely different,” Jason said. Roasted for half the time of a regular medium roast coffee, these beans are dropped into the cooling bin soon after they lose their green hues, producing results he describes as “beautiful golden beans that smell and taste nutty, and are less acidic.”
Visitors to the flagship café see the tiny roastery upon entering the building, often with Jason seated at the console. In the service area, the ceiling is lined with the burlap bags from around the globe that once held beans, and flags from Gonzaga, Eastern Washington, Washington State, and Whitworth universities add a bit of a campus vibe.
But it’s the community atmosphere created by customers themselves that Jason appreciates most.
“Kent sitting in Arctos every morning sipping his 12-ounce mocha and chatting it up with the baristas and customers is a perfect example why coffee is so amazing.” Jason said. “It helps us get out of bed every morning. It brings us together. It’s comforting. It’s community.”
>> Author’s Choice: The Logan Latte – caramel, brown sugar cinnamon, and Irish cream
>> Drive-up service: Arctos partners with the Joe Coffee app to provide online ordering for a quick pick-up from the counter. Or, you can stay in your car and visit Grind Central, a drive-through coffee stand located near Millwood, 8015 E. Trent Ave.
>> Credit where credit is due: It’s my husband, Jeff Bunch, who learns the stories of every business he visits, from the owners to the customers. He’s forever a connector; I’m just the one who whittles down the stories into pieces you can savor with a cup of coffee.
Story by Kate Vanskike | Portraits by Luke Kenneally
With coffee start-up company Indaba, Bobby Enslow had the dream of creating community in the economically challenged West Central neighborhood despite neither experience roasting coffee nor running a business. And yet, he succeeded—achieving awards, receiving recognition, and continuously adding to his list of retail locations. An inspiring tale, but one that’s been told. Indaba’s story runs deeper than that.
The people—and their stories—are what set Bobby apart from other aspiring business leaders.
Meet Mary Kay McCollum, a Navy veteran; Phil Hocking, a computer technician; and Hannah Hicks, a rising business leader. Seemingly on disparate paths, yet sharing the same testimony: Indaba’s slogan—Love people, love coffee—is more than pretty words. Bobby lives by it.
A Path to Healing
“I get really emotional when I talk about it,” says Mary Kay McCollum.
She’s speaking of her experience of sexual assault by a fellow Naval officer, whose abuse back in the ’80s left her terrified and isolated for years. But the statement is also true of recalling the first time she walked into the Broadway Indaba location in 2015.
This was the year McCollum attended a retreat for veterans to tackle their trauma, where she thankfully met a journalist who helped her secure payment for the suffering caused by a member of the military. After more than three decades of silence, the pain of processing was unbelievably hard, compounded by telling her story to secure disability pay for the years she was unable to work. McCollum was suicidal, and when she entered the coffee shop, she told the owner just that.
“When I first talked about PTSD, I was terrified. But Bobby was just so encouraging and supportive,” McCollum says. “His compassion really affected me. He got me on the path to healing. I started writing and talking about it.”
Bobby was instrumental in her progress, she says. Every time she returned to Indaba, he remembered her name and asked how she was doing.
Six years later, McCollum continues her healing through photography, her relationship with Jesus, and encouraging other women to find their voice.
She still finds comfort in good coffee from Spokane roasters, including Indaba. Her favorite is a whole milk latte with no added flavor, so she can savor the coffee.
“’Love people, love coffee’,” she quotes the Indaba motto. “That isn’t just something to hang on the wall. [Bobby] really does it.”
As a child, Phillip Hocking had symptoms indicative of autism spectrum disorders that weren’t widely understood at the time, and, without treatment, he suffered from a lack of social skills and friends. After his parents acquired a PC and internet service in 1994, he found a placed he belonged through computer technology networks.
Phillip dropped out of school and pursued tech success, and when he scored, he began whittling away his earnings on drugs and alcohol. He was good at what he did, but as addiction took control; he began smoking meth in the bathroom at work. No longer employable, he became homeless.
For five years, Hocking lived on the streets. A church near the Broadway Indaba coffee shop had been operating a shelter and when it closed in the mornings, Hocking made his way across the street where Bobby was still learning to run his first business and not yet making a profit.
“I basically lived there,” Phillip says. “I was bipolar and having public freak-outs in the shop, and Bobby never asked me to leave.”
Bobby gave him day-old cookies and let him wash dishes to earn his coffee. He even played chess with Phillip, establishing a weekly tradition they maintained until pandemic restrictions.
“Once, I walked in and was crying, and said, ‘Bobby, could you just pray for me, man?’ And he did. And it was really impactful,” Phillip says, “despite my mental health issues and living in active addiction.”
Between that prayer and reading Brene Brown’s “The Power of Vulnerability,” Phillip found an ability to recognize his self-worth. He began helping others, caring for a friend’s family while a member was incarcerated, delivering food and toilet paper to addicts on the street.
In 2015, Phillip stopped his drug use, secured a job, and began paying for his coffee. Today, he oversees tech services at Excelsior Wellness Center.
“Things that once led to HR involvement or loss of employment now aren’t issues. I don’t have to pretend that I don’t have autism or social issues. My behavioral health is no longer a barrier to my success,” Phillip says. “I’m a homeowner, I’m married, I have a kid. And I have a future.”
Phillip is a coffee snob by admission, and proud to say he spends quite a bit of money on coffee. His favorite Indaba drink is the Natatorium—a vanilla caramel latte with cinnamon.
“He’s serious about ‘love people, love coffee,’” Phillip says of Bobby. “He was amid his start-up, and dealing with the pressures of someone like me there was a risk. But he put his Christian principles above a business principle. It’s pretty indicative of who the man is.”
Creating a Future
Hannah Hicks and her siblings grew up in West Central before the Kendall Yards development was a reality. They were bored highschoolers when Indaba opened in 2009; they hung out at the intriguing new Broadway shop. All the time.
“We would trick Bobby into giving us free lattes,” says Hannah.
But it was no trick. Bobby turned that “free” coffee into a dishwashing job.
One day, Hannah was talking about what to do after school. Bobby had been considering an internship program to teach technical coffee skills to support the growth of specialty roasters in Spokane, and approached Hicks with the opportunity.
“I became Bobby’s first intern, spending twenty hours a week learning from him,” Hannah says. After she gained work experience at another business, Enslow asked her to manage the Broadway location, and then another Indaba shop.
“Bobby was so intentional about giving me opportunity and really trusting me with it. He sent me to barista camp for certifications; he was constantly investing in me,” she says.
Hannah felt she was an active part of Enslow’s dream to create community. She and everyone else on his team were inspired to be family to their regular customers.
Just over three years ago, Hicks moved to New York City, where she had multiple job offers and selected one with a local coffee company where she started off as the manager of its busiest location in Manhattan.
“I don’t think anything could have prepared me like having worked for Bobby,” she says. “He inspired me to lead people in a way that’s focused on them.”
An ambitious young woman in a major metropolitan area, Hannah dreamed big. She applied to Columbia University and was accepted, in part, she says, to Enslow’s impact and recommendation. She became an operations manager, then a senior manager for quality overseeing a business in six cities.
“At every stage, Bobby has supported me,” Hannah says. “Yes, he taught me technical skill, but also about business and leadership. And to think it started with washing dishes.”
Today, residing in the Big Apple and studying sociology at Columbia, Hannah says she lives off simple drip coffee. She’s still enjoying her favorite blends from Indaba, shipped to her regularly from Spokane, where the people-first motto is alive and well.
“It simply blows my mind,” is all Bobby can say. “My little shop in West Central is making a difference.”
Learn more about Enslow’s team and their weekly practice of cupping, in this month’s “For the Love of Coffee” column: “The Comaraderie of Cupping”
Around the perimeter of the wooden table were 10 plastic cups, each with a number noted on a white piece of paper. In the center, a couple of water cups with spoons, and five shot glasses, one for each of us who would join in cupping.
It’s a weekly occurrence for theIndaba Coffee roasting staff, and I was invited to partake. As we chatted, owner Bobby Enslow ground beans from 10 distinct coffee varieties, and placed a sampling into the 10 cups. We rounded the table slowly, each of us inhaling deeply, picking up specific characteristics, then moving on until we’d filled our nostrils with the aromas of each cup.
The crew, of course, was prolific in identifying the slightest trace of fruit or a scent affiliated with a country of origin. “Pomegranate,” said Sarah Wellenbrock. “Raspberry La Croix,” said Josh Adrian. On and on they went. Cedar. Fajitas. Raisin. Beef broth. Nougat. Kombucha. Cocoa Puffs.
A novice, I was ashamed that a writer who loves coffee struggled to find better adjectives than “mild” and “bold” in my head. It was a proud moment when I said, “I’m picking up hints of alcohol in #2” and Adrian later validated it, explaining that #2 was Rwandan coffee from fermented beans.
After two more rounds for tasting, I jotted in my notebook, numbers 3, 4, 6, 8 and 10 as favorites. When Enslow revealed the names of each coffee in our blind test, it was no surprise, these were Sumatra, High Drive, Bowl & Pitcher, and Lilac City – selections I’d bought from Indaba off and on for a few years.
The Science of Coffee
Today it’s easy to find videos demonstrating virtually every method and aspect of coffee service. But they were were slim in 2009 when Enslow was starting his business, so he learned from industry leaders in the Pacific Northwest – like DOMA, a Post Falls wholesaler, and Stumptown Roasters in Portland. He also purchased a service from Facsimile, which provides blind samples for experimental purposes.
Everything about coffee production is an experiment, he says. You learn which cups hold a consistent temperature, what percentage of coffee to extract for its full potential, the time a specific selection should roast and on what setting. You test the moisture and color, not just with the eye but with digital scans that provide precise analysis.
The complexity is why he fell in love with coffee. “I love the academic part – the constant learning.”
He supports ongoing education for staff members, too. Everyone who wants to roast must complete a related certification from Barista Hustle, and then any additional certifications they wish to pursue on their own will yield them a pay raise.
From my brief experience with the cupping team, it was clear that the learning was not the only perk (pun intended).
“What I love most about cupping is our team collaboration in perfecting our quality control,” says Wellenbrock. We’re always trying to determine how our coffee could be better, and in the process, it’s elevating our team.”
That synergy was apparent. Josh, perched on a stool, had the clipboard and a detailed chart for scoring 10 attributes of each sample, from aroma, texture, and flavor, to acidity, sweetness, and aftertaste. Wellenbrock and Crystal Walton called out their observations at each stage and Adrian handled the scoring.
A Shift in Focus
The same humility Enslow embraced in learning the science, he also built into his motto and business philosophy. In the first decade, “Simply Great Coffee” reflected his passion for quality. But entering the next era, Enslow wanted to focus on the reason he opened his first shop in the economically challenged West Central neighborhood: He cared about creating and fostering community.
The new Indaba motto – now plastered on mugs, posters, and stickers – is “Love People, Love Coffee.” And Enslow only hires team members who understand that putting people first is non-negotiable, no matter how great a person’s coffee-making knowledge and skills are.
Choose Your Indaba Adventure
1425 W. Broadway: The original shop, two blocks west of the Courthouse. Neighborhood feel with indoor and outdoor seating.
1315 W. Summit Parkway: Great for a quick pick-me-up while shopping in Kendall Yards.
419 N. Nettleton: In a shared space with Hello Sugar donuts, this spot is mere steps away from Centennial Train and a lovely spot that overlooks the river.
210 N. Howard: Grab a drink here and mosey to some of downtown’s best shops, or across the street to Riverfront Park.
518 W. Riverside: Pre-COVID, this location featured live musicians on weekend evenings, providing a fun yet chill atmosphere for hanging out. Here’s to future tunes and treats.
With the birth of “For the Love of Coffee” in Spokane Coeur d’Alene Living magazine, I and Editor Megan Rowe have one central aim: To inspire Inland Northwest residents to celebrate boldly the name Spokane can make for itself with coffee. Seattle thinks it’s the coffee capital because Starbucks started there? Come on. The humble home of the Hoopfest and Bloomsday doesn’t play that way.
Within a 5-mile radius in Spokane, a coffee lover can easily locate, walk to or park near, and enjoy half a dozen quality local roasters, and never have to rely on a corporate chain. Our small community’s wealth of locally owned coffee deserves the same billing as our wineries, breweries, bike paths, and parks.
Every journey I’ve taken outside our region in the last few years has fostered this truth. Last year, just before COVID hit, I spent several days in Napa Valley on a work trip. I’m not a wine connoisseur, and while I did enjoy the experience of wine tasting, I still wanted my coffee. The cute burg where I stayed had ONE option. Every morning, I wondered: How can a place that invests so much in marketing the fine art of a good drink somehow overlook the need for equally noteworthy coffee?
This spring, on a road trip with my daughter to visit colleges along the West Coast, I found local roasters who put heart into their gig. Urth Caffe in L.A. had a good drink, fine pastry, and a strong sense of purpose: Only organic, heirloom, shade-grown beans. San Fran? Intelligentcia (also in other major metro areas like NYC and Chicago) wants to “elevate a daily ritual into a culinary experience” as well as to be “stewards of the earth and advocates for values of diversity, inclusion and equity.” Portland? Coava, which invests in “long-term relationships with coffee producers” also prides itself in featuring mostly single-origin brews instead of creating blends.
When I find those businesses, I support them by buying a bag to bring home, and by letting them show off their expertise a bit. “What do you have that’s medium-dark and not fruity, good for pour-over and French press?” I’ll ask. The barista at Coava (an alternative to Portland’s more widely marketed Stumptown) answered, “I think you need Nayo.” I picked up a bag and discovered its beans hail from Guatemala – always a safe bet for me, so her hunch was right.
So, other cities have great coffee … what’s my point? In one word: Convenience. In two words: Bragging rights. I happened to be lucky that Urth Caffe in Santa Monica was an 8-minute walk from my hotel, that Intelligentcia was around the corner from Haight-Ashbury where I wanted a glimpse of hippie lore, and Coava was a 5-minute drive from another destination on my Portland list. But this isn’t the norm for major metro areas. When my husband and I traveled to New York City, I had to put a good coffee shop on our itinerary, the same as the bookstore he wanted to visit, because if you don’t plan for those stops, they won’t happen. And even when you do plan, you also have to negotiate the transportation. Are we renting bikes, scheduling an Uber, risking mayhem to park our own vehicle?
Here in the Inland Northwest, treating a guest – or yourself! – to great coffee just doesn’t take that kind of effort, nor does it require good luck.
The next time you find yourself coaxing a friend to visit Spokane, or you’re sharing on Facebook what’s great about our region, be sure good coffee is one of your talking points.
For next month’s column, I’ll share about Bobby Enslow, owner of Indaba, and what I learn while doing some cupping on roasting day with him. But in the meantime, I want to hear from you. Specifically, I want to learn how churches, schools and community centers are using coffee bars to facilitate their mission. Drop me a line below.
In 1967, a year before his death, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. published “Where Do We Go From Here?” – a provoking soliloquy on what he believed to be our nation’s triple threats: racism, poverty, and militarism. Not having lived through the civil rights era he led, and only having been exposed to the most popular parts of King’s messages over time, I was struck by how much this 55-year-old piece pulses with contemporary relevance.
For my own learning and pondering – and perhaps yours, too – I’ve compiled this selection of material from the book, often choosing portions where I underlined and made asterisks and wrote in the margins – “STILL?!” – marking my naïve dismay that as a people and a nation, we are so slow to change.
On Racism & Equality
“The absence of brutality and unregenerate evil is not the presence of justice.” … “Why is equality so assiduously avoided? Why does white America delude itself, and how does it rationalize the evil it retains?” (p. 4)
“The majority of white Americans consider themselves sincerely committed to justice for the Negro. They believe that American society is essentially hospitable to fair play and to steady growth toward a middle-class Utopia embodying racial harmony. Overwhelmingly, America is still struggling with irresolution and contradictions. It has been sincere and even ardent in welcoming some change. But too quickly apathy and disinterest rise to the surface when the next logical steps are to be taken.” (p.5)
The line of progress is never straight.
“The hard truth is that neither Negro nor white has yet done enough to expect the dawn of a new day….Freedom is won by a struggle against suffering. By this measure, Negroes have not yet paid the full price for freedom. And whites have not yet faced the full cost of justice.” (p. 20) “No great victories are won in a war for the transformation of a whole people without total participation. Less than this will not create a new society; it will only evoke more sophisticated token amelioration.” (p. 21)
On Nonviolence vs Riots
“It cannot be taken for granted that Negroes will adhere to nonviolence under any and all conditions. When there is rocklike intransigence or sophisticated manipulation that mocks the empty-handed petitioner, rage replaces reason.” (p. 21)
“Those who argue that it is hazardous to give warnings, lest the expression of apprehension lead to violence, are in error.”… “Violence has already been practiced too often, and always because remedies were postponed.” “The average white person also has a responsibility. He has to resist the impulse to seize upon the rioter as the exclusive villain. He has to rise up with indignation against his own municipal, state and national governments …” “Negroes hold only one key to the double lock of peaceful change. The other is in the hands of the white community.” (p. 22)
“Like life, racial understanding is not something that we find but something that we must create.” (p. 28)
“If Stokely Carmichael [who advocated for a theme focused on black power] now says that nonviolence is irrelevant, it is because … he has seen with his own eyes the most brutal white violence against Negroes and white civil rights workers, and he has seen it go unpunished.” (p. 34)
“A riot is at the bottom the language of the unheard. It is the desperate, suicidal cry of the one who is so fed up with the powerlessness of his cave existence that he asserts that he would rather be dead than ignored.” (p. 119-20)
“Power without love is reckless and abusive; love without power is sentimental and anemic. Power at its best is love implementing the demands of justice. Just at its best is love correcting everything that stands against love.” (p. 38)
“There is no separate black path to power and fulfillment that does not intersect white paths, and there is no separate white path to power and fulfillment, short of disorder, that does not share that power with black aspirations for freedom and human dignity. We are bound together in a single garment of destiny.” (p. 54)
OnRacist Roots and White Supremacy
“In short, America must assume the guilt for the black man’s inferior status.” … “The white backlash of today is rooted in the same problem that has characterized America ever since the black man landed in chains on the shores of this nation. The white backlash is an expression of the same vacillations, the same search for rationalizations, the same lack of commitment that have always characterized white American on the question of race.” (p. 72)
“For the good of America, it is necessary to refute the idea that the dominant ideology in our country even today is freedom and equality while racism is just an occasional departure from the norm on the part of a few bigoted extremists.” (p. 73)
“Black men, the creators of the wealth of the New World, were stripped of all human and civil rights. And this degradation was sanctioned and protected by institutions of government, all for one purpose: to produce commodities for sale at a profit, which in turn would be privately appropriated.” (p.76) “And so, with the growth of slavery, men had to convince themselves that a system which was so economically profitable was morally justifiable. This attempt to give moral sanction to a profitable system gave birth to the doctrine of white supremacy.” (p. 77)
“Soon the doctrine of white supremacy was imbedded in every textbook and preached fin practically every pulpit.” … “The greatest blasphemy of the whole ugly process was that the white man ended up making God his partner in the exploitation of the Negro.” (p. 79)
“The inscription on the Statue of Liberty refers to America as the ‘mother of exiles.’ The tragedy is that while America became the mother of her white exiles, she evinced no motherly concern or love for her exiles from Africa.” (p. 82)
[Here, King also acknowledges the brutal racism against the Native Americans – the white pursuing the physical extermination of the American Indian, which was “depicted as an example of bravery and progress.” (p. 85)]
On Responsibility of Whites
“How responsible am I for the well-being of my fellows? To ignore evil is to become an accomplice to it.” (p. 91)
“Over the last few years, many Negroes have felt that their most troublesome adversary was not the obvious bigot of the Ku Lux Klan … but the white liberal who is more devoted to ‘order’ than to justice, who prefers tranquility to equality.” (p. 93)
“In spite of latent prejudice, in spite of the reality that many blatant forms of injustice could not exist without the acquiescence of white liberals, the fact remains that a sound resolution of the race problem in America will rest with those white man and women who consider themselves as generous and decent human beings.” (p. 94)
“The white liberal must affirm that absolute justice for the Negro simply means … that the Negro must have ‘his due’ … a good job, a good education, a decent house and a share of power. It is, however, important to understand that giving a man his due may often mean giving him special treatment … A society that has done something special against the Negro for hundreds of years must now do something special for him, in order to equip him to compete on a just and equal basis.” (p.95)
Continuing the Work
“The challenge we face is to unite around powerful action programs to eradicate the last vestiges of racial injustice. … If history teaches anything, it is that evil is recalcitrant and determined … it must be attacked by a counteracting persistence, by the day-to-day assault of the battering rams of justice.” (p.136)
“We must not consider it unpatriotic to raise certain basic questions about our national character.” (p. 141)
“All over the world … great masses of people are determined to end the exploitation of their races and lands.” (p. 179)
“One of the great liabilities of history is that all too many people fail to remain awake through the great periods of social change. … Today our very survival depends on our ability to stay awake, to adjust to new ideas, to remain vigilant and to face the challenge of change. … Together we must learn to live as brothers or together we will be forced to perish as fools.” (p. 181)
“Love that does not satisfy justice is no love at all.” (p. 95)